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Technical terms explained understandable - what means …

Sandwich wall
Wall system: Sandwich wall

Sandwich walls consist of two reinforced concrete shells which are held together with fasteners.

The sandwich wall is an insulated solid wall construction consisting of two reinforced concrete layers with intermediate insulation. The connection of the two shells of the Sandwich wall takes place with fasteners.

Related terms: Planbar, Double wall

Solid wall
Wall system: Solid wall

The solid wall can be used as a bearing or non-bearing component and is produced in a fully pre-fabricated state.

The solid wall is a fully pre-fabricated component. The wall is manufactured in a single production cycle and includes, as required, one or two layers of reinforcement. A filling with in-situ concrete on site is not necessary.

Related terms: Planbar, Double wall, Insulated wall, Sandwich wall

Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence in Industry 4.0

Artificial Intelligence is based on pattern recognition and has the ability to independently generate knowledge from experience.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) represents an effort to display human decision and developmental structures in software algorithms so that the functions multiply themselves within the algorithms.  This “self-learning” software thereby appears “intelligent” but can only achieve further development within predefined parameters. 

Example: An AI program that plays chess becomes increasingly advanced with each game and learns something new; it will however never be able to play backgammon.

Related terms: Augmented Reality

Augmented Reality
Augmented Reality (AR) for production

Augmented Reality (AR) interlinks objects from the real world with virtual information. AR supports production planning for production processes and manufacturing.

Production planning with virtual technologies

Augmented Reality enables information to be incorporated into the real environment thereby having the effect of assisting existing objects. The goal is to achieve an enhanced perception of reality and to extend the real world with artificial things. Augmented reality is also showing increased use in many areas of production processes.  An extended reality is generated through special glasses, Smartphones & tablets or projected images.

Examples of Augmented Reality applied in production:

  • Assembly – viewing ability of the product from all sides, instruction for installation, information on individual parts
  • Operation and maintenance of components – individual parts of the inner core of the component are made visible
  • Logistics – interlinking AR with the warehouse system

This results in a number of advantages:

  • Error reduction in production through continuing fade-in of next steps and additional data
  • Reduced workload through exact representation of details
  • Increase in productivity and quality through more rapid lines of communication and reduction of error rates
BIM Collaboration Format
Transfer of information between BIM software solutions

The BIM Collaboration Format serves to transfer individual, selected information of large building models.

Transfer of information between BIM software solutions.

For the first time the BIM Collaboration Format is available in an IFC4 version and thereby presents a completely new format for the further development of IFC. Changes within a model are marked and information is passed on. The goal is that in the first step it is possible to just exchange the marked information and not the entire model. This means that relevant elements can then be adapted and saved. This occurs by means of a coded message where one software transmits information about particular objects to the other. Each BFC file is linked to the object via a universal IFC ID with which it can refer to and thereby secure a clear and transparent allocation.Das BIM Collaboration Format dient der Weitergabe einzelner, markierter Informationen aus größeren Gebäudemodellen.

Source: Allplan

Related terms: Building Information Modeling, buildingSMART, IFC

BIM Coordinator
Control and accuracy of project data 

The BIM Coordinator is responsible for the monitoring and accuracy of BIM-specific planning services within a project team.

The task of the BIM Coordinator is to ensure the quality of the model in close coordination with the BIM Manager. The Coordinator assigns data errors directly to the responsible processor so that these can be quickly corrected. As projects can be quite different in tasks and scope it is necessary to carefully define and mark out a project management plan in advance.

Related terms: BIM Project Management plan, BIM Manager

BIM Management
Efficient coordination and management of BIM components

BIM Management describes a central, strategic and project-based control of BIM processes.

BIM Management is a general term that describes the central, strategic and project-based control of BIM processes as well as the fulfilment of project-based BIM goals. Its implementation is taken on by the entire project team, but the primary responsibility lies with the BIM manager and BIM coordinator.

Source: Allplan

Related terms: BIM Manager, BIM Coordinator

BIM Manager
Control and monitoring of BIM projects

The BIM Manager controls the entire process from the early planning phase right through to project completion.

The BIM Manager is responsible for the cross-disciplinary quality and coordination of all models in the process. The area of his/her responsibility includes all tasks from the early planning phase right through to project completion. He/she accurately adheres to costs and time plans, controls new guidelines and manages workflows.

Source: Allplan

Related terms: BIM Project Management plan, BIM Coordinator

BIM Project Management plan
The BMP is a project-based summary of all activities of the project members in regard to BIM.

The BIM Management plan aids in giving a strategic description of the BIM-based collaboration across a project. The level of description is often dictated by the customer. Overriding BIM goals, organisational structures and information exchange requirements of the individuals involved are specified there. It includes information about projects, project members and project goals and strategies.

Source: Allplan

Related terms: BIM Management

The seven BIM dimensions

BIM extends itself even further than geometric dimensions and is supplemented with the factors of Time (4D), Cost (5D), Performance (6D) and Life cycle (7D).

When talking about BIM it is not only the three well-known dimensions of length, breadth and height that play a role, but often 4D, 5D or even 6D are mentioned here. In the meantime, there has been an arrival at 7D.

  • For BIM 4D – three of the most common dimensions are enhanced with the time component, so that all model elements are assigned to the processes of a Time schedule.
  • For BIM 5D – on top of Time a further component of Cost is added. The individual model elements form the basis for quantities which are assigned with prices.
  • For BIM 6D – information is allocated to the individual model elements that are the result of their actual making and so transform from a virtual to a real component. A 6D model – or the objects that are within it – thereby correspond to the current building condition.
  • For BIM 7D – here the entire facility management phase is taken into account. The individual model elements thereby receive further information regarding their use and maintenance – and all this can also be carried out entirely via the building model.

Source: Allplan

Related terms: Building Information Modeling

Improved workflow & increased efficiency

The BIM-Booster enables interdisciplinary work on a common building model and helps to improve the workflow.

The BIM-Booster  from Allplan Precast enables you to speed up the handling of large projects. Simply separate the basic precast model from the detailed information that is needed for production. With the BIM-Booster you also have the possibility to assign role-based access right within your team.

Related terms: Building Information Modeling, Planbar

Slab system: BubbleDeck

BubbleDeck is a biaxial hollow slab and thereby presents an advancement on usual hollow slabs.

BubbleDeck is a biaxial carrying hollow slab. The main difference from a reinforced concrete slab is that approx. one third of the mass, (that means of the material, and thus the dead load) is saved by having hollow plastic balls inserted into the slab which do not need to be absorbed as weight.

Related terms: Planbar, Hollow Core Slab, TT-Plate

Building Information Modeling
Integrated planning

Building Information Modeling is comprised of all activities for generating building model data, which form a basis for all building activities, from design, to planning, right up to revitalisation or demolition.

Building Information Modeling, often known as BIM, provides digital building model data for design, planning, realisation, operation and the dismantling of a structures; this contains all of the information for a consistent process chain.  The goal is to offer consistency of data and information transfer across entire processes and to rule out time consuming or error-prone, repeated data entries, so that transparency for the entire workflow is achieved from which all involved can benefit.

Related terms: Planbar, Tim|, BIM-Booster

Building Internet of Things
Use of IoT in Building Management

Building Internet of Things takes the concept of the Internet of Things and applies it to functions in commercial buildings.

Building Internet of Things takes the concept of the Internet of things and applies it to all parts of a building that can be connected to a network/Internet. The result of using IoT in Building Management are Smart Buildings and, in turn, entire Smart Cities. Some of the goals of BIoT are an increase in building efficiency, a reduction of energy consumption, an ease in daily life for residents, as well as an optimization of financial performance.

As examples, HVAC (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning), lighting or security equipment can be applied more efficiently and cost effectively. 

Some examples for BIoT use are:

  • Management of lighting systems for buildings
  • Pre-programming for heating and air conditioning
  • Monitoring and control of energy consumption

Source: Realcomm

Related terms: Internet of Things, Smart Cities

Common Data Environment
Common Data Environment for project teams

The Common Data Environment is a digital project platform that serves as an information source for all those involved.

A Common Data Environment (CDE) is a digital project platform or a virtual project room, which offers project teams an information source to collect, manage and disseminate documentation. The CDE manages graphical and non-graphical data models and offers every team unhindered access to information. 

The Nemetschek Group has created a collaboration platform that meets the guidelines set by the UK BIM Mandate for a CDE and advances the AEC industry through digitalization of all project data. This includes models, drawing, and associated documents.

Source: B1M

Related terms: Tim|

Customer Excellence Services
Customer Excellence Services

Our services allow you to concentrate fully on the key tasks at hand and can help you gain the most potential out of your software.

These services include:

  • Overall optimisation of your processes and systems to increase productivity
  • Agile software transitions without risk
  • Tailored training courses for efficient knowledge transfer
  • Immediate help is available for your daily working with Planbar and Tim
  • Develop an IT infrastructure that can perfectly support your operations

Related terms: Planbar, Tim|

Digital Twin
A fusion of the digital and the real world

A digital twin represents a real object in a digital world.

A digital twin represents a real object in a digital world. It is based on data and algorithms and can be paired with the real world via sensors. The digital twin is borne with a strong product idea and serves as a virtual copy during production. It then continues to grow during the product development process and stays inseparably attached to it during the entire lifecycle. The digital twin manages to bring added value that goes above and beyond simple networking and greatly promotes numerous cross-industry mega trends such as Industry 4.0, Internet of Things (IoT), or Smart Cities.

Example: A digital twin enables consideration and practical application of complex product requirements during the design phase, without the need for objects created in reality, such as prototypes. It enables virtual processes for various tests and simulations.

Related terms: Internet of Things

Digital change – the new industrial revolution

Digitalization is a mega trend that refers to the change of procedures and processes through the use of digital technologies.

Digitalization refers to the conversion of analogue information into digital formats. Due to the use of digital technologies, procedures and processes are changed.

In fact, digitalization is just an umbrella term for a number of other keywords, including Industry 4.0, Digital Transformation, Internet of Things, Smart Cities or Artificial Intelligence. The megatrend is also the focus of attention in the construction industry. Using Building Information Modeling (BIM), all process steps are digitally recorded, combined and linked during the planning and construction, so that all involved parties have access to the latest data.

Crucial advantages in the construction industry include:

  • Reduction of error and process costs
  • Increase of labour productivity
  • Stronger customer orientation
  • Higher product quality

Source: Gabler

Related terms: Building Information Modeling, Internet of Things, Artificial Intelligence, Industry 4.0, Smart Cities

Double wall
Wall system: Double wall

The double wall consists of two, prefabricated and reinforced cement precast panels which are connected through the girders.

The double wall is a semi-finished wall system with longitudinal and transverse reinforcement in both layers and has a connection through the girders. After assembly the double wall is poured out with in-situ concrete.


Related terms: Planbar, Sandwich wall

Shop-drawings at the push of a button

Planbar offers an ideal and unique synthesis of model and drawing-oriented work. The Elementplan solves the task of automatically creating production documents from a model with geometry, reinforcement, fixtures and a lot more. This means that you can work on the drawing in 2D and the 3D model is automatically adjusted in the background. Changes to the model are automatically updated in the drawing. Our software thereby ensures that the model and the drawing remain consistent.

Related terms: Planbar

Embedded & imprinted concrete
Aesthetic surface design

Embedding & imprinting is an effective way of aesthetically shaping surface of fair-faced concrete.

Embedded or imprinted precast concrete is a technology that is used to make the surface of precast concrete elements more appealing. Imprinting is a special casting method for embossing a specific design, image or texture into concrete elements.

Embedding is the process of taking an object and pressing it into wet concrete thus becoming part of the surface. Precast parts can be embedded in natural materials such as clay, brick, terracotta or granite in addition to different colour and structure variants.

For architects, planners and landscapers, the printing of precast concrete parts is particularly interesting, because a unique look can be created in a time and cost effective manner.

Source: Baunetz

Filigree Slab
Slab system: Filigree Slab

The filigree slab is a cement precast slab with in-situ concrete complement.

The filigree slab is a semi-finished slab construction with lattice girders and slack or pre-stressed reinforcement. Depending on the concrete covering and reinforcement, the slab has a thickness of 5-8 cm and is filled with in-situ concrete at the construction site.

Related terms: PLANBAR, Solid slab, Hollow slab, Bubbledeck, TT-Plate

Related terms: Planbar, BubbleDeck

Hollow Core Slab
Slab system: Hollow Core Slab

Hollow core slabs are characterized by their continuous hollow cavities that result in weight reduction.

The hollow core slabs have longitudinally continuous cavities. A weight reduction results on the one hand from the use of lightweight concrete, on the other hand from the hollow chambers. The hollow chambers enable a weight reduction of approx. 50 %, improve insulation, and are ideal for laying electrical lines.

Related terms: Planbar, BubbleDeck, TT-Plate

Open standard for BIM models

IFC stands for Industry Foundation Classes and describes a worldwide open standard for building and construction industry data exchange.

The acronym IFC stands for Industry Foundation Classes. It is an open file, digital format for describing building models. The open format used in the building industry and for facility management enables important information to be described and exchanged in a software-neutral setup.  The exchange takes place in the form of a digital building model for which the buildingSMART International (bSI) – formerly International Alliance for Interoperability (IAI) – dictates the exact features and structure.

The IFC format is ISO-certified and presents its own ISO standard for the first time with the new IFC4 version.

Source: buildingSMART

Related terms: Building Information Modeling, IFC4precast, buildingSMART, IFC-Assistant

Higher planning performance

The IFC-Assistant from Allplan Precast enables you to assign materials and object types to random object shapes and therefore add missing intelligence to these models. The IFC-Assistant helps you to prepare heterogeneous 3D data of different types so that you can then use these data to design new precast elements. 

Related terms: IFC, IFC4precast, Planbar, Tim|

Universal data pool

IFC4precast is a cross-industry, universal data pool for the precast parts industry that serves to prevent interface issues.

As the first interface of its kind, IFC4precast, the industry-wide, universal database, contains 3D model information including complete geometries for describing components. Furthermore, defined unique IDs serve to identify elements. IFC4precast enables optimal interaction between TIM, MES and the production facilities. Additionally, coordination and administration costs and efforts along the entire planning, production and assembly process are greatly reduced. The interface enables unambiguous traceability via the building model and the building cycle and all of that in real time.

Allplan Precast is the first CAD software developer that provides its users with a complete IFC4precast data export via the Technical Information Manager (TIM).

IFC4precast was born under the patronage of buildingSMART with the aim to promote and push forward open data exchange in the precast parts industry.

Related terms: Tim|, buildingSMART, Manufacturing Execution System

Industrialised Building System
A particular type of building technology in Malaysia

IBS is a building system from Malaysia where structural components are manufactured in a workshop, transported to the final location and assembled there. Design and production processes are automated.

Industrialised Building System (IBS) is a building style that is used in Malaysia where components such as walls, slabs, beams, columns or stairs are manufactured in mass production either at the factory or in the factory grounds under strict quality control. The extra work efforts at the final location are thereby kept to a minimum. IBS follows the goal of improving quality and productivity during manufacturing, to reduce risks that affect work safety, to reduce dependence on manual third-party services and to decrease overall costs.

Source: New Industrialized Generation

Industry 4.0
Intelligent networking of machines and processes for industry. 

Industry 4.0 refers to the networking of humans, machines and processes for industry. 

After mechanisation (Industry 1.0), mass production (Industry 2.0) and automation (Industry 3.0) the dawn of the Internet of Things and services in manufacturing have led to the fourth industrial revolution: Industry 4.0.

Information exchange and connectivity are important elements of Industry 4.0. Intelligent and networked machines exchange information directly with one another in real time. In the “Smart Factory” production machines can coordinate processes and deadlines with one another and organise themselves independently. Production processes thereby become more flexible, dynamic and efficient. Furthermore, machines communicate directly with the IT systems and company employees.

Industry 4.0 enables manufacturing of different product versions in one production line. Quick reactions to order amendments are possible through the networking of each separate system and innovative manufacturing techniques – making Industry 4.0 extremely flexible.

Related terms: Internet of Things, Building Internet of Things

Information Delivery Manual
Information Delivery Manual description

IDM defines when and where, within entire process, which information should be supplied.

The Information Delivery Manual (IDM) is a manual that describes the requirements for data exchange. Basically, what is described therein are the specifications and the scope of the information that must be available to carry out a specific roll at the specific time or a work process in a BIM project.

Source: buildingSMART

Related terms: Building Information Modeling, IFC

Information Technology Infrastructure Library
Vendor-independent set of best practices

The Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) is a set of reliable standard practices. Based on best practices, advice is given on processes, function and roles in IT. It focuses on aligning IT services with the needs of business with the goal of optimising IT services through continued imporvement.

Source: SoftSelect

Insulated wall
Wall system: Insulated wall

The thermal wall is an element wall consisting of two concrete shells that are interconnected by lattice girders or thermal anchors.

The thermal wall is a hybrid wall construction consisting of two concrete shells that are interconnected by lattice girders or thermal anchors. A layer of insulation is installed between the two shells. The area between the shells is filled with in-situ concrete.

Related terms: Planbar, Double wall

Internet of Things
Interlinking physical and virtual objects

The Internet of Things allows objects or things that had previously been used offline/without internet connection to be linked to the internet.

The Internet of Things describes the networking of machines in the industrial environment through the internet.  Devices receive an exact identity (address) in a network and are provided with electronic intelligence allowing them to communicate via the internet and carry out tasks in an automated way.  Communication between devices is also known as machine to machine communication.

Example: A refrigerator in a household is furnished with a sensor – when the refrigerator is empty it independently, or by the click of a button, reorders food supplies.

Source: Bigdata

Related terms: Industry 4.0, Building Internet of Things

Lean Management
Stronger customer-orientation with consistent cost reduction

The main goal of lean manufacturing is a systematic method for waste minimization within a manufacturing system without sacrificing productivity.

Lean Management is about efficiently making use of the value chain. It is distinguished through decentralising and enabling parallel operation of individual processes – this goal is pursued within a company as well as across others, leading to stronger customer-orientation with consistent cost reduction. The maximum number of tasks, competencies and areas of responsibility are assigned to those qualified employees who can actually contribute to the added value of the product.

Source: Gabler

Related terms: SMARTproduction, Lean Production

Lean Production
Cost and time effective application of production factors

Lean Production is a process that helps avoid surplus production, long cycle times or defective products.

Lean production describes a concept that is implemented across all business activities for cost and time saving purposes such as for staffing, equipment, planning and organisation. With Lean Management in place, the productivity of production factors is optimised and product quality is improved. This can happen, for example, by reducing superfluous inventories or reducing unused capacity and shortening production cycles while keeping consistent output quality.

The process should prevent various factors:

  • Surplus production
  • Long cycle times
  • Faulty product production

By implementing the PLANBAR software several Allplan Precast customers could already successfully make use of the above-mentioned factors. BauMax, based in Chile, could greatly shorten production times through careful planning and budgeting; lack of information could be eliminated resulting in a marked increase in quality.  With careful planning using Planbar the company could calculate material requirements exactly and avoid unnecessary costs.

Source: Gabler

Related terms: SMARTproduction, Lean Management, Sales-Manager

Level of Detail
Stage of completion

The level of detail (LoD) involves decreasing the complexity of a digital building model representation, giving only the necessary information.

The level of detail or level of development describes the current detailed or developmental level of the individual components in an entire model, which can vary according to their work phase and requirements. Generally, this will be determined in the project management plan. Besides the classification from 100 to 500, where 100 is the least and 500 describes the highest informational value for a current model/object, each class can be rewritten in a conceptual, estimated, exact, or fully developed and implemented format.

Related terms: Building Information Modeling, Level of Information, BIM Project Management plan

Level of Information
Alphanumeric component information

The level of information (LoI) describes how much information about an element is given.

The level of information is given in close connection to the level of detail gained from the models and their contents. The LoI describes the contents of information given about a BIM object at a certain time in the project.  A high informational content can be reached, for example, by attaching the manufacturer`s product data sheet or relevant web link. The information density of the objects has a different relevance for each of the specialist disciplines and project members and should therefore be tailored to the recipient’s needs.

Related terms: Building Information Modeling, Level of Detail

Fast & precise MEP planning

The MEP-Assistant from Allplan Precast is an openBIM feature and enables you to convert your MEP models into Planbar data. Simply detect and solve clashes between the precast model and imported MEP objects.

Related terms: Planbar, Mechanical, Electrical and Plumbing, IFC, IFC4precast

Manufacturing Execution System
Seamless connection between order management and production processes.

MES allows the integration of production processes in an operating ERP system. It is the link between machine operation and the systems used at management level.

An MES is part of a precast part management system and operates at one with the process level. It is thereby responsible for production control. Manufacturing control is made possible in real time due to the direct connection to operating processes. MES provides information that helps manufacturing decision makers understand how current conditions on the plant floor can be optimized to improve production output. A Manufacturing Execution System enables the integration of production processes in operating ERP systems due to the connection to automation systems and the direct input given by employees in manual production processes.


Mechanical, Electrical and Plumbing
Building technology

These three technical disciplines encompass the systems that make building interiors suitable for human occupancy.

MEP is an acronym that stands for mechanical, electrical and plumbing engineering. MEP describes all built-in technical installations that enable the appropriate functionality of buildings. MEP covers sub-areas such as the planning of heating, sanitary and electrical installations. [1]

Our MEP assistant supports you in planning technical building engineering and enables changes to be made directly in our PLANBAR software.

Source: ITGA

Related terms: Planbar, IFC, IFC4precast, MEP-Assistant

It allows a targeted exchange of required elements and parameters.

A view is a certain selection/limited element and dataset of an entire model.

The acronym is MVD. It is a specification for a certain selection/limited element and dataset of an entire model. It defines what exactly should be transferred. Certainly, the awareness of the user plays an important part. For example, a structural engineer may see a column differently to how the architect may perceive it. This is why, the current View Definition is used – in addition to the received element set – to determine the format and the information with which the elements are to be displayed i.e. how something should be delivered. MVD helps enforce clear and structured ways of working.

Related terms: IFC, buildingSMART

Off-Site Construction
Completing projects away from the construction site

The phrase Off-Site Construction refers to the completion of elements or components of a construction project at a different location to where they will be permanently installed.

Off-Site Construction involves planning, design, fabrication and assembly of elements or components of a construction projects in off-site factories.  Typically, creation occurs in purpose-built-off-site factories. The completed item is then transported to site and assembled in place. Off-site techniques allow for quicker and more efficient building resulting in significant time-efficiencies. Likewise, an increased level of security and quality with less down time can be won. Off-site construction is particularly suited to high-volume, repetitive components, or products that require factory conditions to achieve the desired level of quality.

Source: Designing Buildings

Related terms: On-Site Construction, Prefabricated Prefinished Volumetric Construction

On-Site Construction
Production on-site

On-site construction describes building works that take place directly at the construction site.

On-Site Construction describes – the opposite of Off-Site Construction – works that take place directly on-site, at the construction site. On-site construction tends to be more work and time intensive, but can react quicker to changes that may happen on-site.

Related terms: Off-Site Construction

Operational Technology & Information Technology
IT/OT convergence

IT (Information Technology) belongs to an organisation level which also includes business orientation. OT (Operational Technology) orientates itself at the production level.

Operational Technology (OT) is a description for hardware and software that recognises, controls or causes a change through direct monitoring and/or control of physical devices, processes and events in a company. Examples for OT are process control or automation.

Information technology (IT) covers the whole spectrum of technology for data processing. These include: hardware, software, communication technology and its connected services.

But, as the importance of IoT is growing, physical devices are being increasingly linked to networks. It is therefore common for IT and OT to merge, making a clear differentiation no longer possible.

Source: Gartner

Related terms: Internet of Things

Overall Equipment Effectiveness
Overall Equipment Effectiveness

The OEE compares achieved output with the potential performance of the production equipment.

The Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) compares the achieved output with the potential technical performance of the production equipment. In doing so, the attainable performance as well as the quality of the achieved results are considered.

Related terms: Planbar

Parametric modeling
Parametric modeling

In parametric modeling, the properties of an object are defined by parameters, which means that the model remains completely changeable right up to the end.

In addition to geometric modelling, where the graphical representation of 3D objects is made possible by mathematical-analytical methods on the computer, parametric modelling allows changes in shape based on variable parameters. Properties of each model object are defined by parameters and allow the CAD user to change the model directly. The model remains completely modifiable until the end, which allows subsequent modification of objects.

Source: Maxon

Efficient CAD planning

Planbar is the efficient CAD solution especially for the concrete precast industry created by the Allplan Precast company.

Planbar is our comprehensive CAD solution for high quality industrialised precast design. The software combines the benefits of the three-dimensional model with excellent preparation of drawings. As an integrated solution, Planbar consolidates model-based and drawing-based work in 2D and 3D and offers reliable data provision for production facilities.

Whether it be slabs, walls or façades – Planbar is your solution for all two-dimensional precast parts with well thought out functionality and special automatisms. The software enables simple and rapid planning of complex precast parts. Production plans can be generated at the click of a button thanks to Planbar’s unique shop drawing technology.

Related terms: Elementplan, Sales-Manager, Tim|

Prefabricated Prefinished Volumetric Construction
PPVC method in Singapore

PPVC is a construction method whereby entire rooms including flooring, window frames and coating are manufactured in the factory.

PPVC is a construction method in which entire rooms, such as an entire bathroom including flooring, window frames, coating, tiles, water pipes and fittings, are manufactured in a factory before being transported and installed on the construction site.

Particularly in Singapore, the trend towards the PPVC method is driven forward to the prefabricated construction by the Housing and Development  Board (HDB), the statutory board of the Ministry of National Development responsible for public housing. The goal is to increase productivity and save time with less manpower.

Related terms: Off-Site Construction

Robotic Process Automation
Artificial intelligence imitates human interactions

Robotic Process Automation is a technology to automate repeated and rule-based tasks which take place in the form of an artificial intelligence.

Robotic Process Automation (RPA) is an innovative technology where structured business processes are automated though the use of digital software robots. RPA imitates the activities of humans by operating a task within a process. RPA can take over routine tasks in industrial companies and thereby improve process quality. This reduces the number of employees needed for the task while improving process quality.

Source: McKinsey

Related terms: Artificial Intelligence

Paperless production

SMARTproduction is a software product paving the way to control and monitor a modern plant independent of printed plans and other documentation in the form of printouts.

SMARTproduction replaces the cumbersome format of classical production plans with digital display devices such as beamers or industrial monitors. The digital visualisation and drawing display reproduced at the click of a button enables a comfortable format to view production drawings in the respective production station. This creates an optimal environment for production processes. Amongst the many benefits of the digitalized visualisation of plans are reduced error rates, significant time efficiency as well as improved resource management.

The SMART production project was founded by Allplan Precast and RIB SAA Software Engineering and together with leading Austrian precasters, Oberndorfer Betonwerke and Maba Fertigteilindustrie, could already put two successful reference projects into operation.

Related terms: Lean Management, Lean Production

Model-based calculation

The Sales-Manager can see to speedy creation and editing of proposals without the need for previous CAD knowledge.

The Sales-Manager offers the possibility of a speedy process from proposal to order and is thereby the perfect tool for sales. Using Planbar, the Sales-Manager can quickly, simply and precisely automate quantities based on the building model, creating lists and graphical reports and then passes this data on to a calculation program.

Furthermore, the Sales-Manager is able to offer a clear and appealing visualisation which can be conveyed to the customer in the form of a 3D PDF, for example. Operating the Sales-Manager is so intuitive that you can even create a 3D model without any previous CAD knowledge.

Related terms: Planbar

Single Source of Truth
Data management from a central source

Single Source of Truth ensures that specific data should only relate back to one source which is then accessed by data consumers.

The Single Source of Truth is the practice of structuring information models and associated data such that every data element is stored exactly once. This means that there is only one repository for any data element, only one primary source. Wherever this data is accessed from, the link is always back to this primary source. Consistency of data is maintained and the creation of inconsistent duplicates is prevented

Source: BIMplus

Related terms: Building Information Modeling

Smart Cities
City of the future

Smart Cities are cities that make residents’ lives by using new technologies in different areas more enjoyable, efficient and sustainable.

The aim of a Smart City is to make cities more efficient, technologically advanced, sustainable and social. Modern technologies in the fields of energy, mobility, urban development and planning, administration and communication are networked in such a way that the quality of life of the residents increases. Innovative concepts and technologies are designed to address issues such as population growth, environmental pollution and scarcity of resources. New information and communication technologies save resources and increase the quality of life of all residents and the city’s competitiveness.

Central topics of a Smart City:

  • Mobility and infrastructure
  • Energy efficiency
  • Conservation of environment and resources
  • Economic attractiveness
  • Quality of life for residents

Related terms: Digitalization, Urbanisation, Internet of Things

Solid slab
Slab system: Solid slab

A solid slab is a fully pre-fabricated slab construction made out of concrete.

The solid slab is a fully pre-fabricated slab construction with longitudinal and transverse reinforcement. The reinforcement strength that is needed for assembly and its final condition is included in its factory-made state. A solid slab is made of concrete or reinforced concrete and its advantages are its stability and robustness.

Related terms: Filigree Slab, Planbar, Hollow Core Slab, BubbleDeck

Slab system: TT-Plate

The TT-Plate is produced as a semi-finished precast part for later in-situ concrete complement.

The TT-plate is a structural steel precast part and is used mainly in industrial construction for large loads and/or spans. The cross-section resembles two assembled T-profiles. Mostly, the TT-plate finds its use as a ceiling element; in some buildings the TT-plate is also used as a facade element.

Related terms: Planbar, Hollow Core Slab, BubbleDeck

Operations scheduling and BIM management, Central data hub

The Technical Information Manager makes information and planning functions available centrally for all company divisions on the basis of 3D models.

The Technical Information Manager (Tim) makes information and planning functions available centrally for all company divisions on the basis of 3D models. As an integration platform, it combines CAD, ERP, production systems and mobile devices. Tim thereby enables easy access to the data of planned projects and offers the opportunity to view their structure and status in a level of detail never seen before.

Related terms: mTim, Planbar

Universally Unique Identifier (UUID) / Globally Unique Identifier (GUID)
A one-time identifying of objects

The Universally Unique Identifier or Global Unique Identifier is a worldwide one-time given number used to identify information in computer systems.

The two terms UUID (Universally Unique Identifier) and GUID (Globally Unique Identifier) are almost identical in their meaning. The only difference lies in the fact that the GUID is a Microsoft-specific realisation of the UUID.

The universal and therefore clear ID number is made up of a total of 32 characters which are divided into 5 blocks and are allocated to each object in a database. The resulting number made up of different combinations rules out the possibility of a number being assigned more than once. A clear identification of objects is thereby achieved within this structure. With a Unique Identifier – in contrast to other possible object IDs – conclusions cannot be drawn as to the type or characteristics of the represented object, as it has not been created with parameter-coded numbering, but is generated entirely at random.

Related terms: Building Information Modeling

Spread of urban life forms

The megatrend urbanisation refers to the increase, expansion or multiplication of cities by number, area and inhabitants.

Urbanisation is another megatrend that involves the consolidation of human settlements and residential areas. The term is often equated with citification, which is only partially correct. In contrast to citification, urbanisation does not only include demographic aspects, but also socio-psychological and socio-economic components. This can be expressed on the one hand in the growth of the cities, on the other hand by changing behaviour of the inhabitants of rural areas.

Related terms: Smart Cities

Value Proposition
Promise of value

A value proposition is a promise of value from a company to its customer to be delivered, communicated, and acknowledged. It can apply to more than the product itself.

The term Value Proposition describes the value/use of a product or a service that a company offers a user. The value can be quantitative (e.g. price or performance) but also qualitative (e.g. customer experience) and can apply to more than the product itself.

Related terms: Planbar, Building Information Modeling, Mechanical, Electrical and Plumbing, IFC

The home of BIM

The buildingSMART association develops open standards and specifications for the BIM method of working.

Today, buildingSMART International is divided up into individual country organisations and is represented by the buildingSMART association in Germany. buildingSMART develops open standards for information exchange and are covered by the IFC Data model for example.

With the same goal of trying to digitally collect the full planning, construction and facility management processes and make these available to all those involved, buildingSMART develops and defines standards and specifications for how related building models can be created and structured. In the initiative, leading software manufacturers in the building sector as well as research and educational institutions are represented.

Under the patronage of buildingSMART leading industry partners from the precast parts industry have joined forces to form a collaborative working group with the aim of promoting and pushing forward open data exchange in the precast parts industry. As a result of the experiences the working group gained, the IFC4precast interface was formed.

Source: buildingSMART

Related terms: Building Information Modeling, IFC, IFC4precast, ModelViewDefinition, BIM Collaboration Format

Conditions are attached to layout pages or cells

The iTrigger module is an extension to the layout catalog in PLANBAR. It supports the software user in the creation of Elementplans by automatically deciding how many and which plan pages or plan views should to be created, depending on the properties and complexity of the precast part. The iTrigger also decides which details and symbols appear on the plan and which should be hidden. The necessary decision criteria can be conveniently entered independently in advance using the formula editor.

Related terms: Planbar, Elementplan

Mobile information management system

The mTim application works as a mobile information tool to retrieve a project overview and detailed information online and from any location.

With mTim, you can easily use the advantages of the information tool Tim (Technical Information Manager) online via your tablet or smartphone from any location. With the mobile version of the Technical Information Manager, all important information such as project overview, 3D model, detailed information on each individual component and status control are available at any time. mTim can also be your mobile construction site report.

Related terms: Tim|